General Information about
Gir Forest National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary is a forest and wildlife
sanctuary in Gujarat, India. Established in 1965, with a total area of 1412
kmē (about 258 kmē for the fully protected area (the National Park) and 1153
kmē for the Sanctuary), the park is located 65 km to the south-east of
It is the sole home of the pure Asiatic Lions (Panthera leo persica) and is
considered to be one of the most important protected areas in Asia due to
its supported species. The ecosystem of Gir, with its diverse flora and
fauna, is protected as a result of the efforts of the Government forest
department, wildlife activists and NGOs. The forest area of Gir and its
lions were declared as "protected" in the early 1900s by the then Nawab of
the princely state of Junagadh. This initiative assisted in the conservation
of the lions whose population had plummeted to only 15 through slaughter for
The April 2005 census recorded the lion-count in Gir at 359, an increase of
32 compared to 2001. The lion breeding programme covering the park and
surrounding area has bred about 180 lions in captivity since its inception.
Around Sasan Gir Wildlife
Nalsarovar Lake and Sanctuary are also within the Gir Forest Area. You can
spot birds like Back-Headed Cuckoo, Paradise Flycatcher, Pied Woodpecker and
various species of Bush Quail, Eagles, Flamingo, Painted Sand Grouse,
Partridge, Parrot and Peacock may be seen. There is a small temple, which is
dedicated to Lord Krishna, located near the Tulsi Shyam Springs. is 64 km
from Sasan Gir Forest Reserve. It is an important heritage sight.
should not cause any damage floral and faunal life. The flora should not be
plucked to take back home. You should not kindle any kind of fire; throw lit
matches and cigarette buds. Do not throw or leave trash, litter and
polyethylene bags in the forest. Firearms and chemicals should not be taken
into the forests as they may cause harm to the wildlife and the vegetation.
Never play radio and tape recorders as their frequency and voice might
disturb, scare or irritate the animals.
safaris require a permit before entering the safari area. The Sinh Sadan
Forest Lodge Office issues the permits on the spot.
Forests are usually dry and arid. The greenery in the forests can be seen
during the monsoon season. The summers, from April to June, are harsh with
temperatures rising to 40°C. the winters, from December to February are cool
and comfortable. The tourists need to carry light woolens during the summers
and heavy woolens during the winters.
How To Reach
is well connected by the road network from the nearest town of Veraval and
Junagarh, which are at a distance of 32 km and 64 km respectively. Daily two
steam trains run to Veraval and one to Junagarh from the rail junction at
Sasan Gir, which is the nearest railway station at about 1 km from the park.
The nearest airport is at Keshod, which at a distance of 86 km.
Sadan Forest Lodge provides accommodation to the visitors to the park.
Gujarat Tourism's Lion Safari Lodge is close by to the river at about 200
meters from the Sinh Sadan. The lodge has well-maintained gardens and is
equipped with modern facilities. There are a few reasonably priced hotels a
little distance away from the forest reserve.