General Information about
Ranthambore National Park
||Sawai Madhopur, Near
National Park is one of the largest and most famous national parks in
northern India. It is situated in Sawai Madhopur district of southeastern
Rajasthan, about 130 km from Jaipur, which is also the nearest airport. The
nearest town and railway station is at Sawai Madhopur, about 11 km away.
Ranthambhore was established as the Sawai Madhopur Game Sanctuary in 1955 by
the Government of India, and was declared one of the Project Tiger reserves
in 1973. Ranthambhore became a national park in 1980. In 1984, the adjacent
forests were declared the Sawai Man Singh Sanctuary and Keladevi Sanctuary,
and in 1991 the tiger reserve was enlarged to include Sawai Man Singh and
Ranthambore wildlife sanctuary is famous for its tigers and is one of the
best places in India to see these majestic predators in the jungle. Tigers
can be easily spotted even during the day Time. Good time to visit
Ranthambore National park is in November and May when the nature of the dry
deciduous forests makes sightings common. Its deciduous forests were once a
part of the magnificent jungles of Central India.
The park lies at the edge of a plateau, and is bounded to the north by the
Banas River and to the south by the Chambal River. There are several lakes
in the park. It is named for the historic Ranthambhore fortress, which lies
within the national park. The park covers an area of 392 kmē, and is famous
for its tiger population, and is one of India's Project Tiger reserves.
Other major wild animals include the tiger, leopard, nilgai, dhole, wild
boar, sambar, hyena, sloth bear and chital. It is also home to wide variety
of trees, plants, birds and reptiles. Ranthambore is also the site for one
of the largest banyan trees in India.
is most famous for its large tiger population. As tourism in the park
increased, so did the population of neighbouring villages. This led to
increasing amounts of fatal human-tiger interactions and poaching. The
Indian Government started Project Tiger in 1972 with an allotted area of 60
mi2. It was later expanded to become what is now called, the Ranthambhore
National Park. Besides tigers, the reserve has thriving bird population with
more than 270 different species of birds here.
In 2005, there were 26 tigers living in Ranthambhore. This was significantly
lower than the recorded tiger population of the reserve in 1982, which then
stood at 44. According to non-government sources the number of tigers in the
Ranthambhore National Park were 34 in 2008. In 2008, more than 14 tiger cubs
were also recorded. This was largely attributed to sustained efforts by
forest officials to curb poaching. Villagers in the region were being given
incentives to stay out of the park and surveillance cameras were also fitted
across the reserve. The Indian government also committed US$153 million for
the efforts. These efforts have been successful with Ranthambhore having
enough tigers to participate in the Sariska Tiger Reserve relocation
The Park is one of the best national parks in the country to spot a tiger.
This majestic predator can be spotted ambling or basking under the sun here.
Ranthambore Fort: The majestic fort, built in 10th-century, towers over the
entire park area. It stands at a height of 700 feet above the surrounding
plain. Inside the fort, there are three red Karauli stone temples devoted to
Ganesh,Shiva and Ramlalaji. The temples were constructed in 12th and 13th
Padam Talao: This is the largest of the all the lakes located inside the
park, and the beautiful red sandstone Jogi Mahal is located at the very edge
of this lake. A gigantic banyan tree, considered to be Indias second
largest, is near the lake.
How to get there
By Air :
Jaipur at 145 km is the nearest airport from Ranthambore wildlife sanctuary.
By Rail : Ranthambore National Park is around 11 km away from Sawai Madhopur
railway station, that lies on the Delhi to Bombay trunk route.
By Road : A good network of buses connect Sawai Madhopur, the nearest town
from Ranthambore to all the major cities within the state of Rajasthan.