General Information about
is a holy city in the Haridwar District of Uttarakhand, India. In Hindi,
Haridwar stands for Dwar of Hari or Gateway to God, 'Hari' meaning god and 'dwar'
meaning gate. Haridwar is regarded as one of the seven holiest places to
After travelling 253 km (157 mi) from its source at Gaumukh, 3,139 m (10,300
ft) above sea level, at the edge of the Gangotri Glacier, Ganga enters the
Indo-Gangetic Plain of North India for the first time at Haridwar, and this
is what gave the city its ancient name, Gangadwára , the place where the
Ganges descends to the plains.
According to Hindu scriptures, Haridwar is one among the four sites where
drops of the elixir of immortality, Amrita, accidentally spilled over from
the pitcher, in which it was being carried away by the celestial bird Garuda,
after the Samudra manthan. These four spots – Ujjain, Haridwar, Nasik, and
Allahabad – have today become places, where the Kumbha Mela is celebrated
once every 3 years in any of these 4 places and after a period of 12 years,
the Maha Kumbha Mela is celebrated on the 12th year at Prayag in Allahabad.
Millions of pilgrims, devotees, and tourists congregate here from all over
the world to celebrate the event. They perform ritualistic bathing on the
banks of the river Ganga.
The spot where the nectar fell is considered to be the Brahma Kund at Har ki
Pauri (literally, "footsteps of the Lord," and symbolically the footprints
of the Amrita), the most sacred ghat of Haridwar; thousands of devotees and
pilgrims flock here during festivals or snan from all over India to take a
holy dip. This act is considered to be the equivalent of washing away one's
sins to attain Moksha.
The Haridwar district came into existence on 28 December 1988 as part of
Saharanpur Divisional Commissionary, On September 24, 1998 Uttar Pradesh
Legislative Assembly passed the 'Uttar Pradesh Reorganisation Bill', 1998,
eventually the Parliament also passed the Indian Federal Legislation -
'Uttar Pradesh Reorganisation Act 2000', and thus on 9 November, 2000,
Haridwar became part of the newly formed Uttarakhand (then Uttaranchal), the
27th state in the Republic of India.
Today, it is developing beyond its religious importance, as a major
industrial destination of state, with the fast developing Industrial Estate
of State Infrastructure & Industrial Development Corporation, SIDCUL, and
the close by township of BHEL (Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited) and its
Hotels in Haridwar: Haveli Hari